№5, 2017

Contents

100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION 1917.

Sergeev E.Yu. Britain and the February Revolution of 1917 in Russia (Based on the British Archives);

MODERN HISTORY.

Zemtsov V.N. (Yekaterinburg) Beginning of War between France and Russia in 1812 (According to the French Archival Documents);

Kotova E.V. Russia at the Congress of Vienna in 1814-1815;

Prilutsky V.V. (Bryansk) Protestants and Catholics in the United States in the First Half of the 19th Century;

XXth CENTURY.

Vatlin A.Yu. Soviet Russia and the German Revolution of 1918;

Mazov S.V. The Dissolving Alliance: the Congolese Crisis and Soviet-Ghana Relations, 1960-1961;

CURRENT HISTORY.

Volotov O.G., Volotov S.O. Hungary in Conditions of Crisis Phenomena in the West;

Dabaghyan E.S. Colombia: Difficult Roads to Peace;

RUSSIA AND THE WORLD.

Vershinin A.A. Revolution of 1917 through the Eyes of French Politicians;

Labutina T.L. From Ivan the Terrible to Catherine II: Russian Monarchs in the Perception of the British;

METHODOLOGY, HISTORIOGRAPHY, SOURCE STUDY.

Nefedov V.V., Ostroga V.A. Problems of Modern and Contemporary History in Contemporary Belarusian Historiography;

Glazunova E.N. 1953 Iranian Coup D'état and Contemporary American-Iranian Relations (Based on Scientific Discussions in the United States);

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS.

Pechatnov V.O. The Diplomatic Mission of A. Clark-Kerr in Moscow (1942-1946) (Part II);

MESSAGES.

Makhalova I.A. History of Napoleonic Wars in the Propaganda of the Belligerents during the Second World War;

Levin Ya.V. (Samara) Hoover vs. Donovan: the Origins of Rivalry between the FBI and the CIA;

BOOK REVIEWS.

SCHOLARLY LIFE.

IN MEMORY.


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

E.Yu. Sergeev. Russian October 1917 in the British public opiniоn

The article deals with the perception of the Russian revolutionary events in October 1917 by British public. Based on previously inaccessible to researchers or less-known sources along with the latest research by Russian and foreign historians, it exposes in a comparative manner some key aspects of the impact of the fall of the Provisional Government and the Bolsheviks seizing state power both upon Anglo-Russian relations and domestic political situation in the United Kingdom as the principal member-state of the Entente.

Keywords: Great Russian revolution of 1917, Anglo-Russian relations, diplomacy, public opinion, Bolsheviks, Lenin, Trotsky, Kerensky, Lloyd George, Balfour, Buchanan.

V.N. Zemtsov. Beginning of War between France and Russia in 1812 (According to the French Archival Documents)

The article is devoted to the diplomatic circumstances of the beginning of the war between France and Russia in 1812. The question of the reasons for the excess by the Russian Ambassador A.B. Kurakin his powers and the actions of the French Ambassador J. Lauriston, who, contrary to the instructions from Paris, tried to delay the formal declaration of the war to Russia is especially considered.

Keywords: French-Russian war of 1812, Russian-French relations on the eve of the war of 1812, A.B. Kurakin, Napoleon I, Lauriston.

E.V. Kotova. Russia at the Congress of Vienna in 1814-1815

The article examines the desire of the European powers to achieve a strategic equilibrium aimed at ensuring that no country can achieve superiority over others. The author notes that the Congress of Vienna was able to solve this problem. Victory won by Russia in the war against Napoleon, contributed to a significant increase in its international prestige and strengthening its position in Europe. The period that followed the Congress of Vienna became the apogee of the influence of Russia, which considerably expanded its borders, on European affairs. It played one of the leading roles in the "Vienna System", the essence of which was the maintenance of the balance of forces on the continent, the creation of a "European concert" of the great powers.

Keywords: Vienna Congress, Concert of Europe, Alexander I, Friedrich Wilhelm III, Napoleon I, Nesselrode, Schwarzenberg.

V.V. Prilutsky. Protestants and Catholics in the United States in the First Half of the 19th Century

The article discusses the confrontation between Catholics and Protestants, which became one of the important factors in the development of the United States in modern times; the feuds of Protestants and Catholics - one of the main social conflicts in US history. The article explores the position of Protestants and Catholics in the United States, the political aspirations of religious communities, the origins of their enmity and the outcome of the confrontation by 1860.

Keywords: religion in the USA in the 19th century, nativism, Catholicism, Protestantism, immigration.

A.Yu. Vatlin. Soviet Russia and the German Revolution of 1918

The focus of the article is on new ways and methods of foreign policy that the leaders of the Russian Bolsheviks tried to implement; Bolsheviks won state power in Russia in 1917, but they continued to consider themselves more revolutionaries than statesmen. Although the Bolsheviks in 1917-1918 had to deal with the military leadership of the Reich, and with the leaders of German business circles, the special relations connected them with the German left-wing socialists, whose support was seen in Moscow as advance to a world revolution, primarily German revolution.

Keywords: Russian revolution of 1917, German revolution of 1918, group “Spartak”, Communist party of Germany, V.I. Lenin, A.A. Ioffe, K.B. Radek, G. Gaza, F. Mehring.

S.V. Mazov. The Dissolving Alliance: the Congolese Crisis and Soviet-Ghana Relations, 1960-1961

On the basis of domestic and British archival documents, the article reveals the true role of Ghanaian President Kwame Nkrumah in the Congolese crisis. His strategy was to maneuver between the USSR and the US in order to get the maximum funds from both superpowers to the conceived by him accelerated industrialization of Ghana. The plans for “Africanization” of the settlement of the crisis, the creation of the African Command, widely propagated by the Nkrumah, were not the fundamental constants of its Congolese policy, but the subject of bargaining in negotiations with the USSR and the United States.

Keywords: history of the Cold War, Congolese crisis (1960-1964), Soviet policy in Africa, Soviet-Ghana relations.

O.G. Volotov, S.O. Volotov. Hungary in Conditions of Crisis Phenomena in the West

In recent years, the Hungarian leadership has taken an independent position on key issues of a situation in the European Union and does not want to blindly implement all the recommendations of the USA. Hungarian Prime Minister V. Orban concluded an agreement on Russia's participation in the construction of two new power units at Paks NPP, frostily treats sanctions of the EU against Russia. All this, as well as fundamental changes in the world order, prompted the Hungarian leaders to correct the country's foreign policy by deploying it to the countries of the East and the South.

Keywords: Hungary, Central-Eastern Europe, Visegrad Group, V. Orban.

E.S. Dabaghyan. Colombia: Difficult Roads to Peace

The article examines in detail the process of concluding of peace between the President of Colombia, H.M. Santos and the Guerrilla movement "Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – FARC" in 2017. Confrontation between the authorities and the FARC continued for 52 years. The world community appreciated the efforts of Santos, awarding him the Nobel Peace Prize for 2016.

Keywords: "Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - FARC", H.M. Santos, A. Uribe, Guerrilla movement of Colombia.

A.A. Vershinin. Revolution of 1917 through the Eyes of French Politicians

In the article reaction of the French political circles to the revolution of 1917 in Russia is considered. The emphasis is on their perception of the pre-revolutionary crisis, the attitude to the revolution itself and its consequences.

Keywords: France, the revolution of 1917 in Russia, the First World War, R. Poincare, J. Clemenceau.

T.L. Labutina. From Ivan the Terrible to Catherine II: Russian Monarchs in the Perception of the British

The article attempts to analyze the perception of Russian monarchs by the British in the 16th - 18th centuries. The author seeks to trace the transformation of the ethnic images of the rulers of Russia throughout the long temporary period, to reveal common and special features in their characteristics, to compare "male" and "female" descriptions of monarchs, to find out how objective were the assessments of their activities.

Keywords: imagologie, ethnic image, Russia in 16 - 18 centuries.

V.V. Nefedov, V.A. Ostroga. Problems of Modern and Contemporary History in Contemporary Belarusian Historiography

The article examines the problems of studying of modern and contemporary history in contemporary Belarusian historiography. The authors come to the conclusion that at the present time in the Republic of Belarus there is a rapid progressive development of historical science, and in some fields a breakthrough expansion of the range of research, deepening of the studied problems and improving the quality of scientific production.

Keywords: modern and contemporary history, Belarusian historiography.

E.N. Glazunova. 1953 Iranian Coup D'état and Contemporary American-Iranian Relations (Based on Scientific Discussions in the United States)

In the United States again intensified the scientific and socio-political debate about the role of the administration of D. Eisenhower in the preparation and implementation of the Iranian coup d'état 1953. The Obama administration and the Democrats tried to conclude an "Iranian nuclear deal", ease tensions in bilateral relations. The article gives a brief overview of the most interesting works of American authors, covering the problems of the events of the early 1950s in Iran, which were published in the last three years.

Keywords: "Cold War", the administration of D. Eisenhower, Mosaddegh, 1953 Iranian coup d'état, operation "Ajax".

I.A. Makhalova. History of Napoleonic Wars in the Propaganda of the Belligerents during the Second World War

The author analyzes the press of the USSR, Germany, Great Britain and the United States during the Second World War, devoted to the comparison of the policies of Hitler and Napoleon I.

Keywords: Hitler, Napoleon, continental blockade, "Russian winter".

Ya.V. Levin. Hoover vs. Donovan: the Origins of Rivalry between the FBI and the CIA

The article deals with the development of the relations between E. Hoover and W. Donovan, who quickly turned into hostile in the 1920s. The influence of this enmity on the activities of the departments headed by them is shown.

Keywords: E. Hoover, W. Donovan, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Office of Strategic Services.