№6, 2015

Contents

CONTENTS

THE 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE END OF WORLD WAR.

Gareyev M.A. Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation of the Soviet Armed Forces;

MODERN HISTORY.

Kudryavtsev O.F. Moskovitsky project of Albertus Campensis;

20th CENTURY.

Sogrin V.V. Dynamics Of Rivalry Of The USSR And The USA During The Cold War. 1945-1991;

Malkov V.L. Thermonuclear Bomb and the Changing Balance of Forces in the Soviet-American Relations. "Super" contra "Sloika";

Egorova N.I. Influence of the Communist Peace Movement on Policy of Nuclear Disarmament. 1950-1960-ies;

Marina V.V. Unification of Transcarpathia with the Soviet Union (Ukrainian SSR). 1944-1945 Years;

Borodayev V.A. Interference of the USA in the Affairs of Cuba during the Rise of Anti-Imperialist Struggle and Victory of the Revolution. 1946-1959;

CURRENT HISTORY

Krivushin I.V. Paradoxes of the Scottish Policy: Referendum of 2014;

RUSSIA AND WORLD.

Knyazev Yu.K. The Positions of the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe to Western Sanctions against Russia;

METHODOLOGY, HISTORIOGRAPHY, SOURCE STUDY.

Rahshmir P.Yu. (Perm). Liberalism. Democracy. Empire. The Original Synthesis of the Recent History of the United States;

Kubyshkin A.I., Tsvetkov I.A. The Petersburg American Studies after the End of "Cold War";

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS.

Tanshina N.P. Duchess Dorothea Dino - Alter-Ego of Prince Talleyrand;

MESSAGES.

Levin Ya.A. John Edgar Hoower And The FBI New Image;

BOOK REVIEWS.

SCHOLARLY LIFE.

CHRONICLE.


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

SUMMARIES AND KEYWORDS OF THE PUBLISHED MATERIALS

General M.A. Gareyev. Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation of the Soviet Armed Forces

In the article the president of the Academy of Military Sciences, Doctor of History and Doctor of Military Sciences, Army General M.A. Gareyev discusses the history of the Soviet Union entered the war against militarist Japan and the victorious end of World War II. Manchurian strategic offensive operation, which participant was the author, on originality of a plan skill of execution was one of the greatest in world military history: it has found the embodiment of the experience of military science and military art accumulated by Soviet forces during World War II.

Keywords: Completion and results of World War II, the Manchurian strategic offensive operation, the Soviet military art.

O.F. Kudryavtsev. Moskovitsky project of Albertus Campensis

The article analyzes the attitude of Albertus Campensis to Russia in his treatise "About the Muscovy." Unlike many other authors of the time it is very positive, and Albert was in favor of an alliance with the "Muscovy" against the Turks, but Muscovy did not need the alliance.

V.V. Sogrin. Dynamics Of Rivalry Of The USSR And The USA During The Cold War. 1945-1991

The author analyzes dynamics of rivalry, change of a ratio of forces of two super powers, that is the USSR and the USA, for more than four decades cold war.

Keywords: USSR and USA, dynamics of rivalry, cold war.

V.L. Malkov. Thermonuclear Bomb and the Changing Balance of Forces in the Soviet-American Relations. "Super" contra "Sloika"

The article is devoted to history of creation of the thermonuclear bomb, the works over thermonuclear bomb were conducted in parallel in the USA and the USSR.

Keywords: "Super" of E. Teller, "Sloika" of A. Sakharov, R. Oppenheimer

N.I. Egorova. Influence of the Communist Peace Movement on Policy of Nuclear Disarmament. 1950-1960-ies

On the basis of the published and archival documents the features and forms of the Communist Peace Movement are analyzed, the article shows the influence on it of the policy at that time, the role of the Soviet Union, the effect of activities of the Movement.

Keywords: Communist Peace Movement, the "cold war" nuclear disarmament.

V.V. Marina. Unification of Transcarpathia with the Soviet Union (Ukrainian SSR). 1944-1945 Years

Article in detail traces the process of reunion of Subcarpathian Russia which was earlier a part of the Czechoslovak Republic with Ukraine in 1944 – 1945.

Keywords: Subcarpathian Russia, Czechoslovak Republic, Ukraine, E. Benesh, F. Nemets.

V.A. Borodayev. Interference of the USA in the Affairs of Cuba during the Rise of Anti-Imperialist Struggle and Victory of the Revolution. 1946-1959.

The author examines the situation in Cuba after the Second World War, the vicissitudes of the struggle of the Cuban people against the neo-colonial dependency, US interference in the internal affairs of the country in the conditions of "cold war", of rise the anti-imperialist struggle and victory of the revolution.

Keywords: F. Batista, Authenticae, orthodoxies, "26th of July Movement", Fidel Castro.

I.V. Krivushin. Paradoxes of the Scottish Policy: Referendum of 2014

The article discusses the prospects for the Scottish nationalists to get a second chance in promoting the independence of Scotland.

Keywords: Scottish National Party, the Labor Party, the Edinburgh Agreement, Scottish independence referendum, 2014

Yu.K. Knyazev. The Positions of the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe to Western Sanctions against Russia

The article outlines the positions of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe concerning sanctions imposed by the West against Russia. Attention is paid to the nuances of behavior and motives of their leaders, who must take into account in the fight against tougher sanctions for their reduction or abolition.

Keywords: anti-Russian sanctions, positions of the countries of CEE, futility of sanctions war.

P.Yu. Rahshmir. (Perm). Liberalism. Democracy. Empire. The Original Synthesis of the Recent History of the United States

The author analyzes the book of V.V. Sogrin "The United States in the XX - XXI centuries. Liberalism. Democracy. Empire", which explores the domestic and foreign policy of the United States through the prism of three basic factors of American civilization - liberalism, democracy, empire. The originality of the author's intention is concluded in discovering of ratio and interaction of three fundamental factors of history and civilization of the United States.

Keywords: liberalism, democracy, empire, social conflicts, the left and right-wing radicalism.

A.I. Kubyshkin, I.A. Tsvetkov. The Petersburg American Studies after the End of "Cold War"

The article highlights the two stages of development of the Petersburg American studies of the Post-Soviet period. In the 1990s - early 2000s it was on the rise; at the present time it has been influenced by the reanimated anti-Americanism and to revive the bureaucratic obstacles.

Keywords: St. Petersburg American Studies, academic freedom, anti-Americanism.

N.P. Tanshina. Duchess Dorothea Dino - Alter-Ego of Prince Talleyrand

The basis of the documentary essay is the biography of Dorothea Dino, one of the outstanding women of her time, in the continuation of 24 years she was the constant companion, political assistant, advisor and private secretary to the famous French diplomat Prince Talleyrand.

Keywords: Duchess of Dino, Talleyrand, the Congress of Vienna.

Ya.A. Levin. John Edgar Hoower And The FBI New Image

The article deals with understudied in the national historiography aspect of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover activities to promote the work of its departments and the creation of a certain image of the organization.

Keywords: War on Crime, the United States, FBI, Hoover, F. D. Roosevelt.