№6, 2014

Contents

TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BEGINNING OF WORLD WAR I

  • Korunova E.V. The Swedish Neutrality in World War I: Accident or Regularity;
  • Likharev D.V., Simonenko E.S. (Vladivostok). The Involvement of Canada in World War I;

MODERN HISTORY

  • Mitrofanov V.P. (Penza) Food Market in England and Politics of Tudors and First Stuarts (1550–1640);
  • Shchelchkov A.A. The First Socialism in Brazil;

20th CENTURY

  • Tkachenko D.S. (Stavropol) World War I by Eyes of the British Soldiers;
  • Krivushin I.V. Church and Genocide in Rwanda in 1994;

CURRENT HISTORY

  • Yazhborovskaya I.S. The Political Transformation of the Countries of "New Europe" in the EU;

RUSSIA AND WORLD

  • Tikhonova A.V. (Smolensk) Russian-Swiss Communications in the Time of Alexander I;
  • Obiedkov I.V. Russian Military Propaganda Activity in USA during World War I;

METHODOLOGY, HISTORIOGRAPHY, SOURCE STUDY

  • Khryakov A.V. “Brown Roots” of the Social History in Germany;
  • Lannik L.V. (Saratov). History Is Written by the Losers: the Formation of the German Military Historiography of the World War I in the 1920-1930th Years;

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS

  • Vasiliev V.I. German Politician Gerhard Schröder;
  • Dabaghian E.S. Ricardo Lagos - Theorist and Practitioner of Transition from Dictatorship to Democracy in Chile;

MESSAGES

  • Kochkin N.V. To the Question of the Participation of the USSR in the International Scientific Council;
  • Davydov R.A. (Arkhangelsk) "North Pole Mission of the Roman Catholic Church and the Activities of S.S. Djounkofsky in the Middle of the 1850th – the Beginning of the 1860th Years;

BOOK REVIEWS

SCHOLARLY LIFE


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

E.V. Korunova. The Swedish Neutrality in World War I: Accident or Regularity

The article examines the foreign and domestic policy of Sweden on the eve of and during the First World War.

Keywords: Swedish neutrality, World War I, Gustav V, J. Hammarskjöld.

D.V. Likharev, E.S. Simonenko (Vladivostok). The Involvement of Canada in World War I

The article deals with the involvement of Canada in World War I from August 4 to October 3, 1914. The key problem is the comparison of attitudes of official Ottawa and the Canadian public opinion, including Quebec, to the question of participation in the War.

Keywords: History of Canada, World War I, Canadian public opinion, British Dominions, history of Quebec, H. Bourassa.

V.P. Mitrofanov (Penza). Food Market in England and Politics of Tudors and First Stuarts (1550–1640)

The article deals with some of the aspects of the food market of England (1550–1640). On the example of some counties of the kingdom author shows legislation, judicial and administrative ways fore its regulation.

Keywords: Tudor and First Stuart England, food market, enclosure.

A.A. Shchelchkov. The First Socialism in Brazil

After the European revolutions of 1848-1849 Latin America has become the object of attention of European Socialists, who have made numerous attempts to implement their ideas in the New World. In Brazil, where independence was achieved peacefully, their ideas have found fertile ground among some of the educated people.

Keywords: Fourierism in Brazil, Jules-Benoit Mure, party Praia, Antônio Pedro de Figueiredo, J.I. Abreu e Lima

D.S. Tkachenko (Stavropol). World War I by Eyes of the British Soldiers

In the article based on diaries of the soldier signalman E. Stapleton, published by the British National Archives, the relation of the British soldiers to the World War I events is considered.

Keywords: The National Archives, Diary E. Stapleton.

I.V. Krivushin. Church and Genocide in Rwanda in 1994

The article presents an analysis of the position of the Churches and some representatives of various faiths in Rwanda at the time of the massacre in the country in 1994.

Keywords: genocide in Rwanda in 1994, Tutsi, Hutu.

I.S. Yazhborovskaya. The Political Transformation of the Countries of "New Europe" in the EU

This article presents a political analysis of contemporary processes of political transformation and identification of countries of "New Europe".

Keywords: countries of "New Europe", political modernization, identification, European Union.

A.V. Tikhonova (Smolensk). Russian-Swiss Communications in the Time of Alexander I

The article is devoted to the relationship of the Russian Imperial House with Switzerland at the end of the eighteenth century - the beginning of the nineteenth century, in particular, the role of Alexander I role in acceptance by the Vienna congress of 1815 of the decision on independence and a neutrality of Switzerland.

Keywords: F.-C. Laharpe, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, F.E. Fellenberg.

I.V. Obiedkov. Russian Military Propaganda Activity in USA during World War I

The article gives an overview of the Russian War Ministry and High Command General Headquarter propaganda-activity in USA. The article is written primarily on the base of archive documents from the Russian archive of military history.

Keywords: Russian propaganda-activity in the USA, Telegraf Agency «North-South».

A.V. Khryakov. “Brown Roots” of the Social History in Germany

An assumed connection between social history and “folk history” in the first half of the XX century is main subject of analysis in the article. Many historians, who had worked in this field, took an active part in creation of the social history in the West Germany after the Second World War.

Keywords: social history, «folk history», German historiography, German nationalism.

L.V. Lannik (Saratov). History Is Written by the Losers: the Formation of the German Military Historiography of the World War I in the 1920-1930th Years.

The article looks at how German authors (mostly military) described the events of World War I in 1920-1930, the impact of military, political and personal factors on the historiographical process.

Keywords: World War I, the German historiography of the World War I, historiographical process.

V.I. Vasiliev. German Politician Gerhard Schröder

The author, based on German and Russian sources and literature, creates a political portrait of Gerhard Schröder - chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany in 1999-2004 and the Chancellor of Germany in 1998-2005.

Keywords: Gerhard Schröder, the Social Democratic Party of Germany, foreign and domestic policies of Germany at the end of XX - beginning of XXI century, German-Russian relations.

E.S. Dabaghian. Ricardo Lagos - Theorist and Practitioner of Transition from Dictatorship to Democracy in Chile

The essay discusses the ideology and the political views of a prominent political and social activist Ricardo Lagos Escobar. The author analyzes in detail the concept of peaceful, non-violent transition from authoritarianism to democracy in Chile after the Pinochet dictatorship.

Keywords: R. Lagos, Augusto Pinochet, the Party for Democracy, Concert of Parties for Democracy “Concertacion"

N.V. Kochkin. To the Question of the Participation of the USSR in the International Scientific Council

The article describes the period of formation of the International Scientific Council and the accession of the USSR in 1995.

Keywords: International Scientific Council, Academician V.A. Engelhardt, A.V. Hill.

R.A. Davydov. (Arkhangelsk). "North Pole Mission of the Roman Catholic Church and the Activities of S.S. Djounkofsky in the Middle of the 1850th – the Beginning of the 1860th Years

The russian nobleman S.S. Djounkofsky, who converted to Catholicism in 1845, with the approval of Pope Pius IX, organized and headed the Catholic mission in Norway in 1854. It didn't make success and stopped the existence in 1869.

Keywords: S.S. Djounkofsky, North Pole Mission, V.I. Kelsen, the Old Believers.