4, 2014

Contents

TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BEGINNING OF WORLD WAR I

  • Magadeev I. E. World War I as Total War;
  • Aganson O.I. Balkans on the Eve of World War I: Towards a New Balance of Power;
  • Shatsillo V. K. "The Japanese Card" in "the Russian Game" Germany in World War I;

NEW TIME

  • Stankov K.N. (Volgograd)Yard of James Stuart and Jacobite Emigration in France;

20th CENTURY

  • Lavrenova A.V. Edouard Herriot’s Trip to Soviet Russia in 1922 (on New Archival Materials);

CURRENT HISTORY

  • Volotov O.G., Volotov S.O. Hungary after a Quarter Century after the Change of System: Lost Illusions;

RUSSIA AND WORLD

  • Kudryavtseva E.P. Vienna System of International Relations and Its Collapse (1815 - 1854);
  • Hevrolina V.M. Russian Diplomacy in the Framework of the Crimean System;

METHODOLOGY, HISTORIOGRAPHY, SOURCE STUDY

  • Romanova E.V. Modern Western Historiography about the Genesis of the First World War;
  • Malkov V.L.Historian on History, on Age and Himself;

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS

  • Vavochkina I. D. Hugo Black: A Roosevelt’s Man;
  • Labutina T.L. British Ambassador Charles Williams and His Secret Correspondence with the Grand Duchess Catherine Alekseevna;

MESSAGES

  • Morozov O.M. (Rostov-on-Don) Evacuation Policy of Russia in 1915-1916;
  • Beida O.I. Russian Emigrants-Translators of Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front. 1941-1943;
  • Kozhukharov A. (Bulgaria). Bulgarian Captains Ex-Cadets of Russian Empire Maritime Classes;

BOOK REVIEWS

SCHOLARLY LIFE

CHRONICLE


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

I. E. Magadeev. World War I as Total War

In the article the question is discussed, whether it is possible to consider World War I as total war. Allocating characteristics of "total war" and using the examples from history of Russia, Great Britain, France and Germany, the author comes to a conclusion that in 1914-1918 serious tendencies to “total war” were traced but a number of factors didn't allow them to be realized completely. World War I, from a position of the observer of the beginning of the XXI century, with the bigger basis applies for a rank not the first "total war", but the first "modern" war.

Keywords: World War I, "total war", "full war", "modern war".

O.I. Aganson. Balkans on the Eve of World War I: Towards a New Balance of Power

The article is aimed at analyzing the destruction of the Balkan regional order, based on the Treaty of Berlin (1878), and formation of the new balance of power in Southeastern Europe in the wake of the Balkan Wars 1912-1913.

Keywords: the Balkan Wars 1912-1913, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire, the Black Sea Straits, Russia, Austria-Hungary.

V. K. Shatsillo. "The Japanese Card" in "the Russian Game" Germany in World War I

In the article are considered attempts of the German military-political leadership during World War I to incline Russia to the conclusion of the separate peace treaty with the Central Powers with mediation of Japan. Based on documents from the German archives, many of which are for the first time introduced into scientific circulation, the author came to the conclusion that the Russian leadership resolutely rejected all offers to make a separate peace with the enemy.

Keywords: World War I, peace mediation of Japan, secret separate negotiations between Germany and Russia.

K.N. Stankov. (Volgograd). Yard of James Stuart and Jacobite Emigration in France

The article is devoted to James Stuart’s stay after his overthrow as a result of the Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689. The article describes the attitude of the French elite to the British expatriates and their attempts to restore the power Stuarts in England.

Keywords: Jacobite emigration, James Stuart, Glorious Revolution

A.V. Lavrenova. Edouard Herriots Trip to Soviet Russia in 1922 (on New Archival Materials)

Based on new archival materials, the author tells how and by whom was prepared the trip to Soviet Russia in 1922, the party leader of Radical Socialists, Mayor of Lyon Herriot, later Prime Minister of France, and which had international repercussions this unofficial visit.

Keywords: Du Chayla, N.S. Nilus, Leslie Urquhart`s concession.

O.G. Volotov, S.O. Volotov. Hungary after a Quarter Century after the Change of System: Lost Illusions

The authors analyze the results of fundamental structural reforms in post-socialist Hungary.

Keywords: Hungary, The Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance, the party "Jobbik".

E.P. Kudryavtseva. Vienna System of International Relations and Its Collapse (1815 - 1854)

Vienna international system has existed about 40 years - longer than any other. The article analyzes the distinctive features, objects and features that emerged as a result of decisions taken at the Congress of Vienna, the new political order in Europe.

Keywords: Vienna system, the Holy Alliance, Alexander I, Metternichs era"

V.M. Hevrolina. Russian Diplomacy in the Framework of the Crimean System

The article is devoted to the activities of the Russian diplomacy under the leadership of A.M. Gorchakov in the so-called Crimean system - a new world order that emerged in Europe as a result of Russia's defeat in the Crimean War.

Keywords: Crimean War, A.M. Gorchakov, Napoleon III, Crimean system.

E.V. Romanova. Modern Western Historiography about the Genesis of the First World War

In the article are considered the main approaches of modern Western historians to study of the genesis of the First World War. The author analyzes unfolded in modern Western historians debate on the state of international relations, purposes of foreign policy of the great powers, the character of military planning in the early twentieth century and the role of these factors in the occurrence of the First World War .

Keywords : World War I , Western historiography , July crisis in 1914

V.L. Malkov. Historian on History, on Age and Himself

In the article is considered the most important problems, connected with the history of the East European states in the context of the changing geopolitical situation in Europe after the collapse of the USSR.

Keywords: Eastern Europe, system crisis, expansion to the East.

I. D. Vavochkina. Hugo Black: A Roosevelts Man

In the article the author traces back political career of the famous new dealer Hugo L. Black from his early Senate days till his appointment to the USA Supreme Court in 1937. Participations Black on New Deal is investigated.

Keywords: Hugo Black, Franclin Roosevelt, New Deal, Spreme court of USA.

T.L. Labutina. British Ambassador Charles Williams and His Secret Correspondence with the Grand Duchess Catherine Alekseevna

Secret correspondence 1756-1757 of the British Ambassador Charles Williams with future Empress Catherine II long kept "under archive seal" and was published only in 1909. This article discusses the methods of influence of the ambassador on the Grand Duchess.

Keywords: Charles Williams, Grand Duchess Catherine Alekseevna, A.P. Bestuzhev -Rumin, S. Poniatowski.

O.M. Morozov. Evacuation Policy of Russia in 1915-1916

The author considers evacuation policy of Russia during World War I by the example of the Riga evacuation Commission in 1915-1916.

Keywords: World War I, Commission for the evacuation of commercial and industrial enterprises, Riga.

O.I. Beida. Russian Emigrants-Translators of Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front. 1941-1943

In the article on the basis of little-known sources is tracked the destiny of the Russian White Army veterans, who during World War II served as translators in the Wehrmacht. The author touched the issue of the relationship of the Nazi leaders to use Russian emigrants on the German-Soviet front.

Keywords: Russian military emigration, World War II, perfidy, translators, Wehrmacht.

A.N. Kozhukharov. (Bulgaria). Bulgarian Captains Ex-Cadets of Russian Empire Maritime Classes

Based on the little-known archival sources the author tells about the Bulgarian Captains Ex-Cadets of Russian Empire Maritime Classes 1888-1904.

Keywords: Russian Maritime classes, merchant navy of Bulgaria, Bulgarian trade steamship friendship.