3, 2014

Contents

TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BEGINNING OF WORLD WAR I

  • Zubachevskiy V.A. (Omsk) Policy of Russia in Central-East Europe on the Eve of and During World War I;
  • Morozov E.V. Struggle for North Africa in the Years of World War I;

MODERN HISTORY

  • Volosyuk O.V. Spain and Japan: the First Contacts in the 16th Century;

20th CENTURY

  • Presnyakov A.Z. Great Powers and Post-war Arrangement in Hungary (1918 — 1921);
  • Borisov A.Yu. Codenamed "Terminal". To the 70 Anniversary of the Potsdam (Berlin) Conference;

CURRENT HISTORY

  • Satanovsky E.Ya. Main Development Trends of the Near and Middle East;
  • Kashirina T.V. The Problem of the Reduction of Strategic Offensive and Defensive Weapons in the Russian-US Relations Post-Soviet Period;

RUSSIA AND WORLD

  • Kuznetsov A.I. «Foreign» Dominance at the Diplomatic Service of the Russian Empire. Mythology and Reality;
  • Chernikova T.V. Russia during Livonia War: Prerequisites And Possibilities of Occurrence into Europe;
  • Anisimov M.Yu. Crisis of the Utrecht System in International Relations and the Elizabethan Russia;

METHODOLOGY, HISTORIOGRAPHY, SOURCE STUDY

  • Savelieva I.M.Professional Historians in "Public History";
  • Sogrin V.V. Status and Prospects of the Russian American Studies;
  • Ivanova M.A. Napoleon III and His Era in Anglo-American Historiography;

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS

  • Academician Davidson A.B. Nelson Mandela: a Good Lesson to the Modern World;
  • Dabaghian E.S. Death on the Take-off: the First President Nestor Kirchner of Argentina in the 21st Century;

MESSAGES

  • Nokhrin I.M. Loyalists' Migration and Colonial Politics of Great Britain in Canada after American War of Independence;

BOOK REVIEWS

SCHOLARLY LIFE

CHRONICLE


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

V.A. Zubachevskiy. Policy of Russia in Central-East Europe on the Eve of and During World War I

The article outlines Russia’s policy in Central-East Europe, since the East of the region was a conflict area of geopolitical interests of Russia, Austria-Hungary and Germany. The Polish Question was Great Powers number one concern in their policies in the region.

Keywords: World War I, Russia, Central-East Europe, Austria-Hungary, Germany, the Polish Question.

E.V. Morozov. Struggle for North Africa in the Years of World War I

The research is devoted to history of the First World War in Northern Africa. The course of operations in Egypt and Libya, and also their foreign policy context is considered. The article is written on the basis of the published documents of the Russian Ministry for Foreign Affairs, and also the literature in Russian and foreign languages.

Keywords: World War I, Ottoman Empire, North Africa, Egypt, Great Britain.

O.V. Volosyuk. Spain and Japan: the First Contacts in the 16th Century

The article studies the case of Japan as the part of a series of cultural interactions. The Spanish Jesuit Francis Xavier was the first to introduce Christianity into Japan. Rivaling with the Jesuits, the Spanish Augustinians and Franciscans came to Japan. It was the age when the first contacts between two countries were established.

Keywords: Francis Xavier, Cosme de Torres, Juan González de Mendoza.

A.Z. Presnyakov. Great Powers and Post-war Arrangement in Hungary (1918 — 1921)

In the article on the basis of archival documents and science literature the relationship between Great Britain, France, Italy and the USA and Hungary in 1918 1921 are considered.

Keywords: Great powers, Hungary, P. Teleki, Andrássy

A.Yu. Borisov. Codenamed "Terminal". To the 70 Anniversary of the Potsdam (Berlin) Conference

In the article the background and a course of the Potsdam conference, a contradiction between its participants, also results of the meeting are considered, and also opinion of historians on this matter .

Keywords: World War II, Potsdam Conference, Stalin, Truman, Churchill.

E.Ya. Satanovsky. Main Development Trends of the Near and Middle East

In the article the main development trends of the Near and Middle East are considered, instability increase on all region, the failure of Western efforts to bring the situation in the region under their control is noted, and also a growing autonomy of local players, which indicates the transition from a unipolar to a nonpolar world.

Keywords: Radical Islamic groups, moderate Islamists, anti-western Islamists, authoritarian militaristic regimes.

T.V. Kashirina. The Problem of the Reduction of Strategic Offensive and Defensive Weapons in the Russian-US Relations Post-Soviet Period

The article deals with the process of disarmament in the Russian-US relations after the Cold War. Focuses on the factors affecting the achievement of disarmament and downs in the period under review.

Keywords: Russian-American talks, US-Russian relations, control and reduction of offensive and defensive weapons.

A.I. Kuznetsov. «Foreign» Dominance at the Diplomatic Service of the Russian Empire. Mythology and Reality

The article is a critical analysis of the old Russias widespread public prejudices against the Imperial diplomatic service portrayed as presumably infested by foreigners alien to the countrys national interest. This kind of mythology is seen, however, as a reflection of deep changes in Russian public opinion after mid-XIX century Reforms.

Keywords: Russian Empire, diplomatic service, public opinion, Germans, Baltic nobility.

T.V. Chernikova. Russia during Livonia War: Prerequisites And Possibilities of Occurrence into Europe

The article examines the questions of emergence of a Moscow state in the European geopolitical space in the second part of XVI century, of the impact of the Livonia war on the uropeanization of Moscow Kingdom in the second part of XVI century.

Keywords: Moscow state in XV - XVII centuries, europeanization of Russia, Western innovations, the Livonia war.

M.Yu. Anisimov. Crisis of the Utrecht System in International Relations and the Elizabethan Russia

The author analyzes the reasons for the collapse of the Utrecht system of international relations, Russia's role in the new world order and the established causes of which have not been able to form the new Augsburg system of international relations.

Keywords: Utrecht system of international relations, A.P. Bestuzhev-Ryumin, Elizabeth, Empress of Russia, War of the Austrian Succession.

I.M. Savelieva. Professional Historians in "Public History"

The article contains an analysis of the content and objectives of "public history", of relations between scientific and popular knowledge, ways of presenting the history outside the academic environment.

Keywords: public history, scientific knowledge, popular knowledge, knowledge translation.

V.V. Sogrin. Status and Prospects of the Russian American Studies

The article analyzes the state of research of the USA history in Russia. The best results were achieved in the study of the history of Russian-American relations, the history of American parties and American democracy. Serious deficiencies remain in the study of economic and social history. The author suggests ways to remove the shortcoming

gs and further development of the USA history studies.

Keywords: The USA history studies in Russia, U.S. foreign policy, the history of democracy and political parties, social and economic history of the United States.

M.A. Ivanova. Napoleon III and His Era in Anglo-American Historiography

The article analyzes the works of the Anglo-American historians devoted the Second Empire and Napoleon III. In contrast to the Soviet and the French historiography regime of Napoleon III presented in these works as in many respects one of the most progressive and successful periods in the modern history of France.

Keywords: Napoleon III, Jean Victor Duruy, Émile Ollivier, Michel Chevalier

Academician A.B. Davidson. Nelson Mandela: a Good Lesson to the Modern World

The essay is dedicated to the history of the life and struggle of Nelson Mandela against apartheid in South Africa.

Keywords: Nelson Mandela, Republic of South Africa, the African National Congress.

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E.S. Dabaghian. Death on the Take-off: the First President Nestor Kirchner of Argentina in the 21st Century

The essay is considered the life and political career of Argentine President N. Kirchner (1950-2010), who was able to lead the country out of a devastating economic crisis.

Keywords: N. Kirchner, Argentina, Justicialist Party, Front for Victory.

I.M. Nokhrin. Loyalists' Migration and Colonial Politics of Great Britain in Canada after American War of Independence

The article is devoted to the problem of loyalists migration and its influence on the British colonial policy. The main tasks was the studying of innovations in management of Quebec after War for independence, revealing conditions of acceptance of the Constitutional act 1791, an estimation of efficiency of the developed political decisions.

Keywords: War for independence, history of British Empire, the British North America, the Constitutional act of 1791, United Empire loyalists.