№1, 2014

Contents

TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BEGINNING OF WORLD WAR I;

  • Khavkin B. L.Russian Front of World War I (1914-1915);
  • Fomin A.F. The Establishment of the League of Nations Mandates System in the Middle East after the First World War. 1920 - 1924;

ARTICLES

  • Hazanov D.B. Strategic Aircraft of Anglo-American Allies in World War II;
  • Romanenko S.A. Soviet Russia and Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: from October 1917 to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (March 1918);
  • Troshina T.I. The Soviet-Polish War and Destiny of the Red Army Soldiers Interned in Germany in 1920-1921;
  • Academician Davidson A.B. Academy of Sciences of Madagascar – Communication with Russia;
  • Lazarev C.E. (Orel). Military Campaign of 1813 in Germany;
  • Pavlenko O.V. Russia and Austro-Hungary in the Middle of the 19 - the Beginnings of the 20th Centuries: Political Myths of the Imperial Power;

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS

  • Boroznyak A.I. "Their Fighting, Their Sufferings, Their Death Weren't Vain". Hans Fallada and His Novel "Everyone Dies Alone";
  • Tcherkasov P.P. Embassy of Louis Napoléon Auguste Lannes, 2nd Duke de Montebello in Russia (1858-1864);
  • Kazakov V.P. D.F. Sarmiento — a prezident-reformator of Argentina (1811—1888);

MESSAGES

  • Korovitsyna N.I. Processes of Transformation of the Czech Family at a Turn of the XX-XXI Centuries;
  • Derbenev. A.C. The US Oil policy toward Saudi Arabia and the Anglo-American Oil Agreement 1944;
  • Ofitserov-Belsky D.V. The Soviet-Polish Non-Aggression Pact 1932 in the Light of New Sources;

PAGES OF THE PAST

  • Zamulin V.N. To Previous History of Kursk Battle: whether Germany Could Win It in May – June, 1943?;
  • Rozhdestvensky I.D. War in the Vendée in Representation of Deputies of National Convention;

THE FACTS, EVENTS, PEOPLE

  • Migey E.V. Poster as the Weapon of Republicans and Falange during Civil War in Spain of 1936 – 1939;
  • Kozhukharov A. (Bulgaria). Bulgarian Captains Ex-Cadets of Russian Empire Maritime Classes;

BOOK REVIEWS


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

Khavkin B.L. Russian Front of World War I (1914-1915)

In the article the Russian historiography of World War I, the participation of Russia in World War I, the course of military operations and the value of the Russian front in 1914-1915 is considered.

Keywords: World War I, "The forgotten war", Military plans of Russia, the Russian (Eastern) front, progress of the war in 1914-1915.

A.F. Fomin. The Establishment of the League of Nations Mandates System in the Middle East after the First World War. 1920 - 1924.

League of Nations Mandates System was one of the unique international legal innovations of the Versailles-Washington system. However, the formation of the system was delayed for a long time and was finished only in 1923 - 1924. The article examines the circumstances of the formation of this system and analyzes the international context of the process.

Keywords: League of Nations, San Remo Conference, the Treaty of Sevres, the Middle East.

D.B. Hazanov. Strategic Aircraft of Anglo-American Allies in World War II

The article is devoted to actions of strategic (bombing) aircraft of Great Britain and the United States of America, which destructed fascist armies in the years of World War II. The author notes the rather considerable efficiency of strategic bombings.

Keywords: Great Britain, USA, strategic aircraft, bombers, allied armies, World War II.

S.A. Romanenko. Soviet Russia and Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: from October 1917 to the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (March 1918)

The article is devoted to the relationship of Soviet Russia and Austro-Hungary in the first six months after the October revolution. It is based on the both Soviet press and newspapers of South Slavs. The two enemies on the battlefield and ideological opponents, the Bolshevik regime and the Habsburgh monarchy had to pursue the same goal of preserving their own power in their own states. National movements of South Slavs obtained a new form of national self-detemination played the great role in domestic policy of Austria-Hungarian empire and in foreign policy of Russian socialist federative state.

Keywords: Russia, Austria-Hungary, national self-determination, revolution

T.I. Troshina. The Soviet-Polish War and Destiny of the Red Army Soldiers Interned in Germany in 1920-1921

On the basis of a complex of versatile sources the author investigates the events connected with internment of parts of the Red Army in the territory of Germany during the Soviet-Polish war. The author considers the contents conditions, life, sentiments of the interned Red Army soldiers, their relationship with the German.

Keywords: Soviet-Polish war of 1920-1921;

the Red Army soldiers interned in Germany.

Academician A.B. Davidson. Academy of Sciences of Madagascar – Communication with Russia

In the article devoted to the 110 anniversary of creation of Malagasy national academy of arts, humanitarian and natural sciences, the history of scientific communications of two academies: Malagasy and Russian is traced.

Keywords: Republic of Madagascar, Malagasy national academy, Club of friends of Madagascar.

C.E. Lazarev. (Orel). Military Campaign of 1813 in Germany

The article is devoted to military campaign of 1813 during which the Sixth anti-Napoleonic coalition was created, and the French armies were expelled from Prussia and Spain. The author analyzes a contribution of the Russian army to a victory over Napoleon.

Keywords: Foreign campaigns of the Russian army, Sixth anti-Napoleonic Coalition,Battle of the Nations

O. V. Pavlenko. Russia and Austro-Hungary in the Middle of the 19 - the Beginnings of the 20th Centuries: Political Myths of the Imperial Power

The Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires created two different in essence projects of the state identity, meant for the multinational and multi-religious states. What ways carried out the phenomenon of the imperial power to the people? How there was "a political coding" of societies? What meanings and emotions were put in imperial and dynastic presentations of the power? The author on the example of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires of a boundary of 19-20 centuries looks for answers to these questions.

Keywords: Russian Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, political myths of the imperial power.

A.I. Boroznyak. "Their Fighting, Their Sufferings, Their Death Weren't Vain". Hans Fallada and His Novel "Everyone Dies Alone"

In the essay is characterized the history of writing and the publication of the novel of the great German writer Hans Fallada "Everyone Dies Alone", narrating about an anti-nazi action of spouses Kvangel executed in Berlin in 1943. Reception of this novel in Germany and in the GDR in time of "cold war" and after association of Germany is considered.

Keywords: Hans Fallada (1893 - 1947), national-socialist dictatorship in Germany, a resistance movement in Germany, democratic construction in the Soviet occupational zone of Germany.

P.P. Tcherkasov. Embassy of Louis Napoléon Auguste Lannes, 2nd Duke de Montebello in Russia (1858-1864)

In the essay is considered the activity of the French ambassador in Russia duke de Montebello, directed on strengthening of the Franco-Russian relations which was outlined after the end of the Crimean war. On the basis of archival data, in particular reports of the ambassador in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of France, the situation in Russia in connection with Alexander's II reforms is shown and the episode of capture of Shamil is in detail stated.

Keywords: duc de Montebello, Napoleon III, Gorchakov, Shamil.

V.P. Kazakov. D.F. Sarmiento — a prezident-reformator of Argentina (1811—1888)

This article examines the life and thinking of the outstanding Argentinean statesman, President, educator, sociologist and writer D.F. Sarmiento, his plans of the modernization of Argentina.

Keywords: barbarism, civilization, colonization, immigration, farming, education, school, caudillism.

N.I. Korovitsyna. Processes of Transformation of the Czech Family at a Turn of the XX-XXI Centuries

The author analyzes, how the historical shifts in social development of the region in the direction of European integration, have affected the family institute in the Czech Republic at the beginning of the XXI century.

Keywords: Czech Republic, second demographic transition, Czech family.

A.C. Derbenev. The US Oil policy toward Saudi Arabia and the Anglo-American Oil Agreement 1944

The article discusses the role and influence of the oil and major oil producing companies in the U.S. on policy elite in Washington in relation to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1943-1944. These reasons that have had a growing impact on the position of President Franklin Roosevelt, Cordell Hull, Mr. Ickes and American diplomats in Saudi Arabia during the preparation of the Anglo-American oil agreement in 1944

Keywords: World War II, USA, Great Britain, Saudi Arabia, F. Roosevelt, King Abdul Aziz.

D.V. Ofitserov-Belsky. The Soviet-Polish Non-Aggression Pact 1932 in the Light of New Sources

Based on archival sources, which were first time introduced in the scientific revolution in the article analyzes the process of negotiating and the background of the Soviet-Polish Non-Aggression Pact of 1932. Established by author that the Polish initiative gave rise to negotiation process. Agreement was more a result of changes in world political trends, rather than an expression of good will.

Keywords: Soviet-Polish Non-Aggression Pact 1932, J. Pilsudski, V.A. Antonov-Avseenko, M. M. Litvinov.

V. N. Zamulin. To Previous History of Kursk Battle: whether Germany Could Win It in May – June, 1943?

In the article based on an extensive archival material is disproved the point of view of some military leaders of Wehrmacht that the Germany could win a victory in the Kursk battle, if the German army began offensive in May – June, 1943.

Keywords: Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, Kursk battle, E. von Manstein, N.F.Vatutin.

I.D. Rozhdestvensky. War in the Vendée in Representation of Deputies of National Convention

The author investigates the perception of events in Vendee by deputies of National Convention as main threat to Republic gains what generated their decision to wipe out Vendee with the help of "infernal columns".

Keywords: Vendee, "infernal columns", Barer, Turreau.

E.V.Migey. Poster as the Weapon of Republicans and Falange during Civil War in Spain of 1936 - 1939

In the article the comparative analysis of impact of poster propaganda of republicans and Falange on the population of Spain is carried out. The innovation of artists Republicans is shown.

Keywords: poster, images of revolution and war, Pablo Pedrero.

A.N. Kozhukharov. (Bulgaria). Bulgarian Captains Ex-Cadets of Russian Empire Maritime Classes

Based on the little-known archival sources the author tells about the Bulgarian Captains Ex-Cadets of Russian Empire Maritime Classes 1888-1904.

Keywords: Russian Maritime classes, merchant navy of Bulgaria, Bulgarian trade steamship friendship.