№6, 2013

Contents

TO THE 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BATTLE OF THE TEHRAN CONFERENCE

  • Rzheshevsky O.A. Teheran 43;

ARTICLES

  • Zakharov V.V. Demilitarization of the Soviet Occupation Zone of Germany. According to New Documents of the Russian Archives;
  • Pilko A.V. North Atlantic Alliance: from the North Atlantic Treaty to the True Military-Political Block (1949-1955);
  • Borisyonok Yu.A. The Polish Factor in National Policy of the Soviet Power in Belarus in the 1920th – the 1930th years;
  • Erin M.E. The Analysis of National-Socialist Dictatorship in Works of the German Historian H.A. Winkler;
  • Rybachenok I.S. Russia in the Berlin System of the International Relations. 1878-1914;
  • Tanshina N.P. Count Jean-Jacque de Sellon - the Herald of the European Pacifism;

HISTORIOGRAPHY AND SOURCE STUDY

  • Orlik I.I., Sinitsina I.S. The Contemporary History of Poland: According to Pages of the Fundamental Book "Poland in the 20th Century";
  • Repinetsky A.I., Rybnikov V.V. To Publication of the Third Volume of the Work "Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945";

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS

  • Dabagyan E.S. Hugo Chávez: Additions to a Political Portrait (1954-2013);

HISTORIANS` PEN-POTRTAITS

  • Zhiromskaya V.B. Academician Yury Aleksandrovich Polyakov. Life and Creativity;

MESSAGES

  • Kudryavtseva T.M. From History of the Chinese Eastern Railway (1897 — 1903);

THE FACTS, EVENTS, PEOPLE

  • Smekalina V.V. Swiss Poet and Scientist Albrecht von Haller;

BOOK REVIEWS

ACADEMIC LIFE


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

Rzheshevsky O.A. Teheran 43

The article is devoted to the Tehran conference of heads of three allied powers – the USSR, the USA and Great Britain, to the first meeting in the years of World War II of "the big three" – F. Roosevelt, I.V. Stalin and U. Churchill, to history of the conference and of the adoption of the major joint decisions which were the program of a victory of democratic forces of the peace over aggressors. The article contains a modern view on historical value of conference, opportunity and limits of the allied relations in the conditions of the international political crisis.

Keywords: Tehran conference. Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchill, Eden, Molotov, Hopkins, Hull, second front.

V. V. Zakharov. Demilitarization of the Soviet Occupation Zone of Germany. According to New Documents of the Russian Archives

In the article for the first time in the Russian historiography on the basis of recently declassified documents of the Russian archives is considered the important aspect of the Soviet occupational policy in Germany in 1945-1949 – history of demilitarization and elimination of confidential underground objects of the Third Reich in the territory of the Soviet occupation zone of Germany.

Keywords: The German question after World War II; occupational policy of the USSR in post-war Germany; Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SVAG); special underground objects and military technologies of the Third Reich.

A.V. Pilko. North Atlantic Alliance: from the North Atlantic Treaty to the True Military-Political Block (1949-1955)

In the article the initial stage of formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is considered, in particular the internal structural changes in NATO and their reasons. Aspects of policy of the USA and the West European states (Great Britain, France, the Western Germany), connected with transatlantic integration, and also influence on NATO of the first Berlin crisis (1948-1949) and the war in Korea (1950-1953) are analyzed.

Keywords: NATO, North Atlantic Alliance, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Washington Treaty, the Cold War.

Yu.A. Borisyonok. The Polish Factor in National Policy of the Soviet Power in Belarus in the 1920th – the 1930th years

In the article on the example of "Korenizatsiya policy” in Belarus are considered the typical, but still not studied features of national policy of the USSR. The course of the central Bolshevist authorities on a belorusization corresponded to the geopolitical situation which has developed upon termination of military operations of Red Army in Poland in 1920. The main incentive of a belorusization was the external (Polish) factor, not the care of "the Belarusian nation of a socialist sample".

Keywords: Soviet national policy, "korenization", "Korenizatsiya policy”, belorusization, Soviet-Polish relations.

M.E. Erin. The Analysis of National-Socialist Dictatorship in Works of the German Historian H.A. Winkler

The author analyzes the Winkler's works concerning problems of national-socialist dictatorship and World War II.

Keywords: H.A. Winkler Third Reich, Weimar republic.

I.S. Rybachenok. Russia in the Berlin System of the International Relations. 1878-1914

In the article the change of a place and a role of Russia in 1878 - 1914 in system of the relations between the states under the influence of set of the military-political, financial-economic, dynastic and subjective-personal reasons is traced.

Keywords: Berlin system of the international relations, Bulgarian crisis of 1885-1888, Middle Eastern crisis of 1894-1898, Krito-Macedon crisis of 1901-1905, Bosnian crisis of 1908-1909, Balkan wars of 1912-1913.

N.P. Tanshina. Count Jean-Jacque de Sellon - the Herald of the European Pacifism

The article is devoted to life and activity of Jean-Jacque de Sellon who was standing at the origins of the European pacifism, and to creation by Sellon in 1830 in Geneva the Societies of peace.

Keywords: Jean-Jacque de Sellon, Geneva Society of Peace, La Fenetre.

I.I. Orlik, I.S. Sinitsina. The Contemporary History of Poland: According to Pages of the Fundamental Book "Poland in the 20th Century"

In the article is noted the validity of chronological borders of research, since time of origin of social movements and political parties at the end of the 19th century and finishing change of a social order and formation of the new democratic organization of political life in the country at the end of 20th – the beginning of the 21st century, the analysis of an extensive scientific material about the relations between the USSR, Russia and Poland in the 20th century is given.

Keywords: history of Poland, political regimes, Catholic Church, relations with the USSR, democracy, "Solidarity".

A.I. Repinetsky, V.V. Rybnikov. To Publication of the Third Volume of the Work "Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945"

In the article the contents of the third volume of the work "Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945" is analyzed. Authors consider some aspects: course and results of fighting operations, the moral and psychological aspects, special promotion in the years of war concerning to moral and psychological aspects of great fight with fascism.

Keywords: Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, modern historiography, fundamental work.

E.S. Dabagyan. Hugo Chávez: Additions to a Political Portrait (1954-2013)

The life of the Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez heading the country during 14 years is the object of research of this essay. This charismatic personality was either eulogized, or hated, but indifferent it didn't leave anybody.

Keywords: Hugo Chávez, Venezuela, "socialism of the XXI century", Movement the Vth Republic.

V.B. Zhiromskaya. Academician Yury Aleksandrovich Polyakov. Life and Creativity

In the article the biography and research activity of the known Russian historian of academician Yu.A. Polyakov is considered.

Keywords: ecodemography, historical demography and geography, Population decline, Population decline in Russia, History of Russian Everyday Life.

T.M. Kudryavtseva. From History of the Chinese Eastern Railway (1897 — 1903)

On materials of the newspaper “Russkiye Vedomosti” the author analyzes the history of the Chinese Eastern Railway.

Keywords: Chinese Eastern Railway, "Russkiye Vedomosti".