4, 2012

Contents

ARTICLES

  • Musatov V.L. János Kádár from the Point of View of the Soviet Diplomat;
  • Boguslavsky A.R. «The Prague Spring»: a Look from East Berlin;
  • Simonov T.M.White Formations in Poland (Group of Russian Refugees);
  • Magadeev I.E.Perception the French Politicians of Threats of Safety in the 1920th Years
  • Ignatchenko I.V. East Crisis of 1839-1841 and French Diplomacy;
  • Baranov N.N.German Liberalism on the Eve of Revolution of 1848;
  • Filimonova M.A. Early Abolitionism in America in Views of Founding Fathers;

HISTORIOGRAPHY AND SOURCE STUDY

  • Tcherkasov P.P. From Stalin to Yeltsin: Memoirs of the Historian;

HISTORICAL SCIENCE ABROAD

  • Rüsen J. Historical Objectivity as Component of a Question of Social Values;

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS

  • Soroka M.E. (Canada). Portrait of the Russian Diplomat: Pavel Mikhaylovich Lessar (1851-1905);
  • Labutina T.L. Russia at Peter 1, Seen by the British Diplomat Charles Whitworth;

HISTORIANS` PEN-POTRTAITS

  • Gruzdev E.N. Alexander Germanovich Vulfius (1880 — 1941);

MESSAGES

  • Nazemtseva E.N. The Japanese Occupational Authorities and the Russian Emigration in Manchukuo in the 30th Years of 20th Century;
  • Molok F.A.Czechoslovak-Soviet Cultural Ties 1934-1938. Literary Contacts;
  • Prusskaya E.A.Image of Russia in the Press of the East Army Bonaparte (1798-1801);

PAGES OF THE PAST

  • Tabarovskaya K.A. Sweden in Strategic Plans and Estimates of the Russian Military and Diplomats at the Beginning of 20th Century;

THE FACTS, EVENTS, PEOPLE

  • Klimenko A.Yu. Carl von Clausewitz and Russia;

BOOK REVIEWS

ACADEMIC LIFE

CHRONICLE


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

V.L. Musatov. János Kádár from the Point of View of the Soviet Diplomat

In the article are considered political and economic views of the prominent politician of Hungary János Kádár heading the country in 1956-1989, and his social and economic transformations directed on introduction of elements of the market economy, construction the Hungarian «socialism with a human face».

Keywords: Foreign Policy and Economic Relations, Society Democratization, Economic Reform, Market Economy, Soviet Model of the Socialism, Socialism and Society Updating, Sweeping Public Changes.

A.R. Boguslavsky. The Prague Spring: a Look from East Berlin

In the article on the basis of new sources from the German archives for the first time in the Russian historiography attempt alternative accepted in the modern historiography of Germany of the analysis of policy of the leader of GDR Walter Ulbricht in the relation is undertaken Prague spring 1968. Ulbricht was ready to react flexibly to events in the ChSSR, defending the idea of internal settlement in Czechoslovakia. Ulbricht`s "dissenting opinion" was apprehended by the Soviet management as an inadmissible deviation from principles of the relations of Moscow with the "brotherly" socialist countries, as became, finally, to one of the factors which have led further to its resignation.

Keywords: Prague Spring 1968, History of the GDR, W. Ulbricht.

T.M. Simonov. White Formations in Poland (Group of Russian Refugees)

In the article are considered the attempts of the heads of Triple Entente at the end of 1919 to strengthen the Polish republic militarily as a counterbalance of Germany and the Soviet Russia. White generals (A.I.Denikin and P. N. Wrangel) counted on support of the Polish army in civil war. J. Piłsudski set the purpose of creation of the strong state from the sea to the sea by expansion of its borders at the expense of territories of Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania. In detail based of new archival materials is stated the creation in Poland in 1920 of voluntary groups Russian refugees under the direction of B. V. Savinkov.

Keywords: Poland, White Armies, Józef Klemens Piłsudski, B. V. Savinkov, Camp Interned, Anti-Soviet Formations, Repatriation.

I.E. Magadeev. Perception the French Politicians of Threats of Safety in the 1920th Years

In the article is considered the problem of selection of threats of safety and response to them from the French political and military management of the 1920th years. On the basis of the archival and published diplomatic and military documents the main content of threats of safety of France in perception by the French politicians is defined;

the reasons of reaction to these threats, funds of reaction for them and ways of neutralization are established. The author comes to a conclusion that features of thinking and culture of politicians and military, and also difficulties of world situation of France became the factors which have defined specifics of perception of threats to safety in the 1920th years.

Keywords: International Relations of the 1920th Years; Foreign and Defensive Policy of France; Problems of National Security of France.

I.V. Ignatchenko. East Crisis of 1839-1841 and French Diplomacy

The article is devoted to fight of the European powers for influence in the Middle East in connection with the Turkish-Egyptian conflict, in particular is considered the policy of the prime minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of France Louis-Adolphe Thiers in the second East crisis of 1839-1841.

Keywords: East question, East crisis, Louis-Adolphe Thiers, Muhammad Ali Pasha.

N.N. Baranov. German Liberalism on the Eve of Revolution of 1848

In the article debatable questions of history of the German political liberalism on the eve of revolution of 1848 are considered. Liberal ideas took roots mainly among educated city layers, whose social status was non-uniform. Liberals ambiguously treated the main political problems of that time: a personal freedom and market economy, the constitutional parliamentary constitutional state, ways of the national and state association of Germany.

Keywords: 1815-1848, German Liberalism, Frankfurt Parliament, Unification of Germany.

M.A. Filimonova. Early Abolitionism in America in Views of Founding Fathers

In article is considered inconsistency and uncertainty of "founding fathers" concerning slavery cancellation.

Keywords: American Revolution, Enlightenment, Abolitionism, Slavery of Niggers

P.P. Tcherkasov. From Stalin to Yeltsin: Memoirs of the Historian

In the article are analyzed memoirs of the known Russian historian professor V.P. Smirnov. He tried to reconstruct that he calls “history of intellectual life of the ordinary Soviet person” on the basis of own biography.

Keywords: Ideological Installations, the Scientific Discussions, the New Trends, the Woken Society, Triumph and the Tragedy.

J. Rüsen. Historical Objectivity as Component of a Question of Social Values

In the article the role of social values in modern historical thought and in the giving to the past of a form of history is considered.

Keywords: Social Values, Reliability of Historical Knowledge, History of Historical Knowledge, Historical Thought, Empirical Proofs.

M.E. Soroka. (Canada). Portrait of the Russian Diplomat: Pavel Mikhaylovich Lessar (1851-1905)

On materials of English archives in the article is given the portrait of the Russian diplomat of P. M. Lessar forgotten in the homeland, but honored in Great Britain for his high professionalism and his self-denying service to the country.

Keywords: P. M. Lessar, Afghanistan, China.

T.L. Labutina. Russia at Peter 1, Seen by the British Diplomat Charles Whitworth

In the essay it is told about impressions of the British diplomat about Russia at the time of Peter I and Russian people with whom he could communicate.

Keywords: British Envoy, State Secretary, Local Nobility, Diplomatic Mission, Northern War, Battle of Poltava.

E.N. Gruzdev. Alexander Germanovich Vulfius (1880—1941)

In the article the life, the scientific, teaching and public work of the Petersburg historian of the beginning of 20 century, the expert in history of early new time A.G. Vulfius are considered.

Keywords: A.G. Vulfius, Waldensians, Religious Individualism.