1, 2012

Contents

«THE ROUND TABLE»

  • The Commonwealth of Independent States twenty years later: realities and prospects;

ARTICLES

  • Sogrin V.V. Civilization Factors and the Interdisciplinary USA History Studying;
  • Carley M.J. (Canada). Only the USSR Have…"Clean Hands": the USSR, Collective Safety in Europe and Destiny of Czechoslovakia (1934-1938);
  • Pilko .V. The NATO and the Berlin Crisis of 1958-1961;
  • Vinogradov V. N. Ottoman Empire and Russia. The 15th – End of the 19th Century;

REFLECTIONS OF THE HISTORIAN

  • Malkov V.L. Franklin d. Roosevelt’s phenomenon;

HISTORIOGRAPHY AND SOURCE STUDY

  • Svoyskiy M. L. (USA) From History of Bakhmeteff Archive in the USA;

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS;

  • Bukharin N.I., Jazhborovsky I.S. Edward Gierek: from a Course on Social Justice to an Economic Crisis;
  • Orlik I.I. Antonescu Trials in Bucharest. 1946;
  • Tcherkasov P.P.Behind Side Scenes of the Parisian Congress of 1856;

THE LETTER IN EDITION

  • Gilenson B. A. About Perfection of High School Education;

THE FACTS, EVENTS, PEOPLE

  • Egorova O. V, Moiseyev A.N. Travel in History of the Spanish Capital;

BOOK REVIEWS

ACADEMIC LIFE

Summaries and keywords of the published materials

The Commonwealth of Independent States twenty years later: realities and prospects

In materials of the «Round table» the developed position in the Commonwealth of Independent States by this time is considered and prospects of its development are estimated.

Keywords: the Commonwealth of Independent States, the post-Soviet territory, the Customs Union, the Eurasian economic union, Uniform economic space, multivector cooperation, multivector external economic policy, zone of free trade.

Sogrin V.V. Civilization Factors and the Interdisciplinary USA History Studying

In the article the role in the history of the USA civilization factors, economic interests and other reasons in the history of the USA are shown. Necessity of a combination of various interdisciplinary approaches in studying of a civilization of the USA is underlined.

Keywords: the Interdisciplinary USA History Studying, archetypes of civilization of the USA, historical typology of the political power and social structure.

Carley M.J. (Canada). Only the USSR Have…"Clean Hands": the USSR, Collective Safety in Europe and Destiny of Czechoslovakia (1934-1938)

In the article based on an extensive archival material is shown the escalation of Czechoslovak crisis, which has led to the Munich pact 1938. The author in details shines the position of the USSR, in particular, the Litvinov's role in occurring events, and also behavior of the western politicians, not wished to protect Czechoslovakia from claims from outside "the Third Reich".

Keywords: the Munich Crisis, Czechoslovakia, Benes, Daladier, Chamberlain, M.M. Litvinov, a policy of appeasement, collective safety.

.V. Pilko. The NATO and the Berlin Crisis of 1958-1961;

In the article political and military reaction of the NATO to the second Berlin crisis is shown. The author investigates influence which on the North Atlantic block was rendered by events round the Western Berlin, and also a policy of Soviet Union in the Berlin question. On the basis of new sources the measures of military character developed by the NATO in connection with the second Berlin crisis are characterized.

Keywords: the NATO, the second Berlin crisis (1958 – 1961), Cold war.

V. N. Vinogradov. Ottoman Empire and Russia. The 15th End of the 19th Century

In the article are considered relations of Russia and Ottoman empire since 1475 when ottoman armies occupied Crimea, to the conclusion of the Preliminary Treaty of San Stefano in 1878.

Keywords: Ottoman empire, East question, Crimea, Preliminary Treaty of San Stefano.

V.L. Malkov. Franklin d. Roosevelt’s phenomenon

The article deals with the Franklin Roosevelts phenomenon. The 32nd president of the USA played a vital role not only in the U.S. history but also in the lives of all humanity. He was a real figure of the 19th century as a leader of American people in war against poverty during the Great depression (19291939) and as a great statesman and diplomat during the Second World War whose contribution for the creation of the Antihitlerite coalition couldnt be overestimated.

Keywords: financial and economic crisis, Great depression, unemployment, Roosevelts revolution, a new course.

M.L. Svoyskiy. From history of Bakhmeteff Archive in the USA

Based on the extensive uses of materials from the Bakhmeteff Archive of Russian and East European History and Culture, the article considers the history of the creation of the archive as it developed since 1951. The author arrives to the conclusion that the availability of such rich collections in New York helped to preserve appreciation of Russian history and culture around the world.

Keywords: B.A. Bakhmeteff, Bakhmeteff Archive, Columbia University.

N.I.Bukharin, I.S. Jazhborovsky. Edward Gierek: from a Course on Social Justice to an Economic Crisis;

E. Gierek from December, 1970 till September, 1980 was the first secretary of the Polish incorporated workers' party. He tried to accelerate social and economic development of the country at the expense of the western credits. As a result of the admitted errors in social economic policy the population standard of life has decreased, in economy stagnation was observed, in a society the discontent with a spent policy accrued. The new public conflict became inevitable, and Gierek was necessary to leave the post.

Keywords: history of the People's Republic of Poland, Gierek, new social and economic strategy, June events of 1976, strike of workers by summer of 1980

I.I. Orlik. I. Antonescu Trials in Bucharest. 1946;

In the essay unknown earlier materials of the Romanian military criminals trials in Bucharest in May, 1946 are presented. The main charges of heads of Romania in crimes in territory of the USSR temporarily occupied by the Romanian armies are in detail consecrated. The author opens the maintenance of a sentence of process over I. Antonescu and its colleagues.

Keywords: Romania, I. Antonescu, the Bucharest process over military criminals.

P.P. Tcherkasov. Behind Side Scenes of the Parisian Congress of 1856;

The essay is devoted the Russian French relations the day before and during the Parisian congress of 1856 which has summed up the Crimean war. The author gives portrait characteristics of the main participants of process of peaceful settlement.

Keywords: the Parisian congress of 1856, count A.F.Orlov, baron F.I. Brunnov, A.Valevsky.