№6, 2011

Contents

ARTICLES

  • Koshkin A.A. The Way to Pearl Harbor. The Beginning of War on the Pacific ocean;
  • Sokolov V.V. The UNRRA and Soviet Union 1943 — 1948 (Based on New Archival Materials);
  • Denchev K. (Bulgaria). The Bulgarian-Russian Power Relations: the History and the Present;
  • Trojanovskaya M.O. The USA and Sovereign Republics of the New World (the End of the 18th – the Early 19th Century);
  • Luneva Yu.V. Closing of Dardanelles during the Italian-Turkish War (1911 — 1912);Vishnyakov Ya.V. Macedonian Movement and Revolution in Serbia on May, 29th, 1903;

GREETING TO ACADEMICIAN TISHKOV V. A. PUBLICATIONS

  • New Materials about the Decision of the German Question. 1989 - 1990. The Preface of Academician O.T. Bogomolov;

EDUCATION QUESTIONS

  • Vyazemsky E.E. The National Educational Standards in History: the Western Experience;

HISTORIOGRAPHY AND SOURCE STUDY

  • Rodin I.V. The Higher Education History in France according to the French Historians;

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS

  • Licharev D.V. Churchill and Destiny of the French Military Fleet in the Summer of 1940;
  • Kudrina Yu.V. Emperor Alexander III and Musical Figures of Russia;

MESSAGES

  • Sizonenko A.I. Russia and Latin America: from the Recognition to Diplomatic Relations (the Second Half of the 19th — the Early 20th century);
  • Chepurina M.Yu. The French Russian Project of the Publication of Works of Gracchus Babeuf;

FACTS, EVENTS, PEOPLE

  • Bespalov A.V. Participant of the Northern War the Field Marshal Count Magnus Stenbock (1664—1717);

BOOK REVIEWS

SHORTLY ABOUT BOOKS

ACADEMIC LIFE

CHRONICLE

Summaries and keywords of the published materials

A.A. Koshkin. The Way to Pearl Harbor. The Beginning of War on the Pacific Ocean

In the article the basic stages of an aggravation of contradictions between the USA, Great Britain and Japan in struggle for domination in East Asia and on Pacific ocean are considered. It is underlined the presence at a Japanese military-political management of alternative of the introduction into the Second World War – "northern" and "southern" variants. The reasons of a choice as an initial "southern" direction of aggression are opened. The version about participation of Moscow to provocation the Japanese blow on Pearl Harbor - the war beginnings on Pacific Ocean is denied.

Keywords: Japanese-American contradictions, Pearl Harbor, War on Pacific Ocean.

V.V.Sokolov. The UNRRA and Soviet Union 1943 — 1948 (based on new archival materials

In the article on the basis of new archival materials is considered the activity of the UNRRA on rendering of the economic help of the USSR in days of war and after its termination.

Keywords: UNRRA, Food and Medical Aid of the USSR.

K. Denchev (Bulgaria). The Bulgarian-Russian Power Relations: the History and the Present

Dialogue between Bulgaria and Russia on power questions doesn't stop since falling of the USSR and disintegration of world system of the socialism. Mutual economic interest pushed Bulgaria and Russia to power partnership. If Russia is for Bulgaria the main energy source, Bulgaria is for Russia one of the shortest ways to the countries of Southern Europe. With the advent of the general oil and gas projects Bulgaria can become an important power corridor of Russia to Europe. However after many years last from the moment of the beginning of power dialogue, apparently, that of efforts for its maintenance it has been spent more than it is reached results.

Keywords: Bulgarian-Russian relations, power projects, power safety.

M.O. Trojanovskaya. The USA and Sovereign Republics of the New World (the End of the 18th – the First Quarter of 19th Centuries)

The article is devoted the relations of the USA and the countries of Latin America in the end of the 18th— the first quarters of the 19th centuries. The author shows various approaches of the American politicians to War for Independence of the Latin American colonies of Spain, to recognition, to expansion of sphere of geopolitical interests of the USA.

Keywords: the USA, War for Independence of the Latin American colonies of Spain, Monroe Doctrine

Yu.V. Luneva. Closing of Dardanelles during the Italian-Turkish War (1911 — 1912);

In the article are considered the international conditions which have developed during Italian-Turkish war 1911-1912 round Dardanelle passage and closing by its Turkey. On the basis of archival materials the position of Russia is shown.

Keywords: Italian-Turkish War, Dardanelles, Russia, Italy. Turkey.

Ya.V. Vishnyakov. Macedonian Movement and Revolution in Serbia on May, 29th, 1903

In the article on the basis of before unknown documents from the State Archive of the Russian Federation and Archive of Foreign Policy of the Russian Empire is considered the Macedonian movement on the eve of revolution in Serbia on May, 29th, 1903.

Keywords: Macedonian movement, Revolution in Serbia on May, 29th, 1903

New Materials on the Decision of the German Question. 1989 - 1990. The Preface of Academician O.T. Bogomolov

The Documents 1989-1990 from archive of Institute of the international economic and political researches of the Russian Academy of Sciences are published for the first time. The publication consists of the preface of academician O.T.Bogomolov; notes of the Institute of economy of world socialist system Academy of Sciences of the USSR in which the estimation of conditions of that time in the countries of Central and the Eastern Europe is given; «the scenario of overcoming of section of Europe and reunification of Germany», prepared by German experts; the letters directed by Institute of economy of world socialist system addressed to M.S. Gorbachev and its assistant A.S. Tchernyaev.

Keywords: German Reunification, M.S. Gorbachev.

E.E. Vyazemsky. The National Educational Standards in History: the Western Experience

In the article are considered national educational standards, existing in Great Britain, Germany, Italy, the USA, France and other states of the West; it is told about the all-European recommendations in history teaching. New tendency in the history studying in the main countries of Western Europe is the aspiration to the expanded interpretation of the subject "History".

Keywords: national educational standards, content of historical education, modern education system in Great Britain and Germany.

I.V. Rodin. The Higher Education History in France according to the French Historians

In the article problems of the French higher education of the second half of the 20th century, questions connected with its reforming, and reflection of the processes occurring in the history of the higher school of France, in a modern French historiography (second half 1960th years – the early 21th century) are considered.

Keywords: Reform of Fouchet, the Law on Higher Education Orientation, University Technology Institutes, Antoine Prost.

D.V. Liharev. Churchill and Destiny of the French Military Fleet in the Summer of 1940

The article deals with the unprecedented collision in the history of the World War II, when former allies - Britain and France - aimed weapons upon each other in summer of 1940. After the defeat of France the main units of the French Navy were sent to North and West African Ports. Winston Churchill wanted to prevent falling the French warships into German or Italian hands at any cost. In accordance with his orders Force H under command of Admiral James Somerville destroyed the most powerful French unit at Oran on July 3, 1940. At the same day Admiral Cunningham disarmed French squadron at Alexandria without bloodshed. Cunningham’s success at Alexandria set Churchill’s action at Oran in a different moral and political perspective.

Keywords: the French fleet, the Second World War, Churchill, Cunningham

Yu.V. Kudrina. Emperor Alexander III and Musical Personalities of Russia

In the essay it is told about formation of musical culture in Russia in the End of 19th century, about attention of Alexander III to musical personalities, in particular to P.I. Tchaikovsky.

Keywords: Alexander III, P.I. Tchaikovsky, Russian Opera

A.I. Sizonenko. Russia and Latin America: from the Recognition to Diplomatic Relations (the Second Half of the 19th — the Early 20th century)

In article the author considers the sources formation of relations of Russia with Venezuela, Colombia, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay and republics of Central America.

Keywords: Central America, Venezuela, Colombia, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay.

Chepurina M. Yu. The French-Russian Project of the Publication of Works ofGracchus Babeuf

Article is devoted history of the publication of works of Gracchus Babeuf in Russia and abroad. The author informs on renewal the French-Russian project under the edition of collected works of the revolutionary.

Keywords: Gracchus Babeuf, Buonarotti, la conjuration des égaux.

A.V. Bespalov. Participant of the Northern War the Field Marshal Count Magnus Stenbock (1664 — 1717)

In the article on the basis of a wide range of sources is considered the life and activity of the field marshal count Magnus Stenbock, the associate of king Charles XII, one of visible commanders of Sweden.

Keywords: Magnus Stenbock, Charles XII, Northern War.