3, 2011

Contents

ARTICLES

  • Davidov V.M. Institute of Latin America of the Russian Academy of Sciences: 50 Years of Scientific Activity,
  • Khristoforov V.S. N.S. Khrushchev and J. Kennedy: Preparation and Carrying Out of the Meeting in Vienna in 1961. Based on Documents of the Russian Archives.
  • Dolgilevich R.V. Problem of the Status of Berlin. 1944 — 1990;
  • Urazov .. Policy of the USA and Great Britain in the South of the Arabian Peninsula in 1958 – 1962;
  • Romanenko S.A The national movement of South Slavic nationalities of Austro-Hungary and Destiny of the Monarchy of Habsburgs;
  • Sergeev E.J. «The Great Game». Russia and Great Britain in the Central and East Asia in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Early Twentieth Centuries;
  • Volosjuk O.V. The Major Figure of the Age of Enlightenment in Spain. Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos and Russia: History of Diplomatic Relations of Two Countries;

HISTORIOGRAPHY AND SOURCE STUDY

  • Zolotaryov V. A. The Great Patriotic War History in Documents;
  • Sogrin V.V. Portrait Gallery of the Domestic Historiography;
  • Kalmykov N.P. Russia and the USA in the 20th century;

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS

  • Myagkov M. Yu. The Terrible Summer of 1941(termination);
  • Borodaev V.A. Playa Girón: 1961;
  • Sokolov V.V. The V.G. Dekanozov's Confidential Mission in Ürümqi (Xinjiang) in 1942;
  • Tchernyshev O.V. Archbishop Nathan Söderblom, the Recipient of the 1930 Nobel Peace Prize, the Outstanding Religious and Public Figure of Sweden of the 20th Century.

HISTORIANS` PEN-POTRTAITS

  • Baybakova L.V. E.F.Jazkov (1923-2009): Career of the Teacher and the Scientist;

MESSAGES

  • Makarova I.F. Tanzimât and the Balkan Policy of Russia in 60 70 Years of the 19th Century;

THE FACTS, EVENTS, PEOPLE

  • Bespalov A.V. Charles XII in the Field of the Poltava Battle;

BOOK REVIEWS

ACADEMIC LIFE

CHRONICLE


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

V.M. Davidov. Institute of Latin America of the Russian Academy of Sciences: 50 Years of Scientific Activity

In the article are summed up the scientific work of the Institute of Latin America of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the basic directions of this work at the present stage are characterized.

Keywords: Institute of Latin America of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Community of Ibero-American countries.

V.S. Khristoforov. N.S. Khrushchev and J. Kennedy: Preparation and Carrying Out of the Meeting in Vienna in 1961. Based on Documents of the Russian Archives.

In the article based on the archival materials of the FSB of Russia preparation and carrying out of the meeting of NS. Khrushchev and J. Kennedy in Vienna 1961 are considered. The author confirms, that documents extracted by the Soviet investigation particular materials of the Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs, were of interest for preparation and decision-making concerning foreign policy of the USSR.

Keywords: Foreign Policy of the USSR, US President John F. Kennedy, Soviet-American Relations.

R.V. Dolgilevich. Problem of the Status of Berlin. 1944 - 1990

In the article based on documents of Archive of Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation which are entered into a scientific turn for the first time, Russian and German literature the author complex investigates the problem of the status of Berlin 1944-1990 for the first time in the Russian historiography. Dolgilevich shows genesis of the position of the USSR concerning the problem of the status of Berlin and opens the point of View on this question of the USA, England, France, and also Germany.

Keywords: Status of Berlin, Interallied Agreements, the Berlin Wall, the Quadrilateral Agreement from September, 3rd, 1971

.. Urazov. Policy of the USA and Great Britain in the South of the Arabian Peninsula in 1958-1962

In the article on the basis of new sources - documents of the British cabinet of G. Macmillan – are investigated American British relations in the south of Arabian Peninsula in 1958-1962. The author comes to the conclusion that the Yemen revolution of 1962 promoted consolidation of positions of Washington and London in the Near East. Thus the USA gradually forced out Great Britain from traditional spheres of the British interests.

Keywords: Yemen Revolution of 1962, Foreign Policy of J .F. Kennedy, G. Macmillan’s Foreign Policy, Near-Eastern Crisis, the American-British relations in the Arabian World.

S.A. Romanenko. The national movement of South Slavic nationalities of Austro-Hungary and Destiny of the Monarchy of Habsburgs

The article is devoted the problem of possibility of preservation of integrity of Austro-Hungarian empire, the role in its disintegration of national movements of the Southern Slavs in the conditions of the First World War. The author specifies the key concepts used at research of ethnopolitical processes in the multinational states.

Keywords: Habsburgs, Austro-Hungary, Southern Slavs, National Self-determination.

E.Yu. Sergeev. “The Great Game”. Russia and Great Britain in the Central and East Asia in the Second Half of the Nineteenth - Early Twentieth Centuries

The author suggests a new concept of the origins of the Great Game, or the intercourse between the Russian and British Empires in Central and East Asia, which meant both competition and cooperation of the most influential powers in the second half of the nineteenth - early twentieth centuries.

Keywords: Russian-British relations, origins of the Great Game, geostrategic plans of Russia and Great Britain in Asia.

O.V. Volosjuk. The Major Figure of the Age of Enlightenment in Spain Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos and Russia: History of Diplomatic Relations of Two Countries

The article is devoted an episode from history of diplomatic relations of Russia and Spain when to a post of the ambassador of Spain in St.-Petersburg it was planned to appoint the known Spanish figure of the 18th century Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos

Keywords: Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, the Spanish-Russian diplomatic relations.

V.A. Zolotaryov. The Great Patriotic War History in Documents

In the article are characterized documents of the Political Bureau of Central Committee VKP(b) of years of the Great Patriotic War, in particular materials with which I.V. Stalin personally worked. Documents testify that Stalin has been well informed also all central questions of war constantly were under his control.

Keywords: Red Army, the Great Patriotic War, Evacuation of the Industrial Enterprises, Activity of Guerrilla Groups, War Industry Work.

V.V. Sogrin. Portrait Gallery of the Domestic Historiography

The maintenance of fundamental work about the Russian historians of the XX-th century is considered. The scientific contribution of leading experts on Middle Ages and also Modern and Contemporary history is allocated.

Keywords: Middle Ages, Modern and Contemporary history, the scientific contribution, historical portraits

N.P. Kalmykov. Russia and the USA in the Twentieth Century

The author analyzes the new book of domestic historian V.L. Malkov devoted the history of interstate relations and diplomacy in sociocultural context between Russia and the USA in the twentieth century. In the book is considered the special algorithm in relations of two countries in the century of revolutions, world wars and nuclear opposition in the close connection with problems of spirituality, attitude of Americans and Russian as cultural generality with similarity inherent in them and distinction.

Keywords: V.L. Malkov, Russia, the USA, the Russian-American Relations in the 20th century

V.A. Borodaev. Playa Giron: 1961

In the article conditions in Cuba on the eve of disembarkation of the Cuban counter-revolutionaries in a gulf of Playa Giron, its preparation by the American side and retaliatory measures of the Cuban party, and also a course of operation in Playa Giron are considered. The author shows the support which was rendered in those conditions to Cuba by the USSR and other countries of bloc of socialist countries, and also consequences of a failure of disembarkation in Playa Giron for situation development in Cuba.

Keywords: the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, D. Eisenhower, J. Kennedy, N.S. Khrushchev, Cold War, the Cuban Counterrevolutionary Emigration

V.V. Sokolov. The V.G. Dekanozov's Confidential Mission in Ürümqi (Xinjiang) in 1942

In the article are considered problems of the military and economic help of the USSR in 1933-1942 to the Chinese province of Xinjiang and a withdrawal of head of Xinjiang Sheng Shicai from cooperation with the USSR in days of the Great Patriotic War, and also visit of V.G. Dekanozov in Urumqi in June, 1942.

Keywords: Xinjiang, Help of the USSR, Visit of Dekanozov, the Cooperation End.

O.V. Tchernysheva. Archbishop Nathan Stiderblom, the Recipient of the 1930 Nobel Peace Prize, the Outstanding Religious and Public Figure of Sweden of the 20th Century

In the essay the life of the Swedish clergyman, his role in the Swedish and international Christian movement, in creation of the modern international ecumenical movement are characterized Keywords: Soderblom, Recipient of the 1930 Nobel Peace Prize, Ecumenism.

L.V. Baybakova. . Jazkov (1923-2009): Career of the Teacher and the Scientist

In the article the basic marks of the scientific and pedagogical activity of BF. Jazkov are characterized. The basic attention is concentrated to his formation as Scientist-Americanist and as one of prominent representatives of scientists of the Moscow University from the beginning 1970. It is considered his many-sided pedagogical and administrative activity as head of department of the new and contemporary history of historical faculty of the Moscow State University, and also the big personal contribution to development of the international scientific communications.

Keywords: School of Americanists of the Moscow State University, Contemporary History of the USA, the American Farmer Movement in 1920-3oth, a new course F.D. Roosevelt, the Lecture Program of fund Fulbright.

I.F. Makarova. Tanzimat and the Balkan Policy of Russia in 60-70 Years of the 19th Century

The author based on archival documents shows that successes of the Great Ports in mode reforming have induced .. Gorchakov to bring up the question on necessity of urgent updating of the Balkan policy of Russia.

Keywords: Tanzimat, .. Gorchakov, N.P. Ignatyev, Politic of Russia on the Balkans.

A.V. Bespalov. Charles XII in the Field of the Poltava Battle

Based on Swedish literature in the article the Charless XII activity in the Poltava battle is considered. The author comes to a conclusion that during the battle the Swedish army was actually supervised not so much by king, how many by his field marshal C.G, Rehnskiold.

Keywords: the Poltava Battle, Charles XII, Carl Gustaf Rehnskiold, the Swedish army.