№6, 2010

Contents

ARTICLES

  • Sokolov V.V. Lend Lease in Days of the Second World War;
  • Vatlin A.Yu. Germany in 2000 – 2010;
  • Sogrin V.V. Big Business in the USA from Gilded Age till Progressive Era (1870-1910);
  • Arsh G.L. The Russian Emissaries in Peloponnesus and Archipelago Expedition of 1770-1774;

HISTORIOGRAPHY AND SOURCE STUDY

  • Egorova N.I. Moscow – Washington: Policy and Diplomacy of the Kremlin, 1921-1941. Archival documents;
  • Leonova L.S. Science in Days of the Great Patriotic War (the Review of the Three-volume Edition);
  • Pyadishev B.D. Editions of the Moscow State Institute of International Relationson the History of the Second World War;

REFLECTIONS OF THE HISTORIAN

  • Malkov V.L. Woodrow Wilson and His «Principle of Nationalities»: a Sight from the Present;

DOCUMENTARY ESSAYS

  • Kapitonova N.K. Visit of Nikita Khrushchev and N. Bulganin to Great Britain in 1956 (based on archival materials);
  • Cherkasov P.P. "Odyssey" of marquis de la Chétardie in Russia (1739 – 1744);
  • Vinogradov V.N. The Balkan base of the Napoleonic epopee;
  • N.V.Rostislavleva. The Liberal David Ganzeman – the Advocate of Unity of Germany and Free Business;

MESSAGES

  • Mironov V.V. (Tambov). FORMS of the Soldier's Protest in Austro-Hungarian army during the First World War;

BOOK REVIEWS

ACADEMIC LIFE


Summaries and keywords of the published materials

Sokolov V.V. Lend Lease in Days of the Second World War;

In the article with attraction of the new archival materials are considered action of the law of the USA about Lend Lease in days of the Second World War and a problem of repayment of debts of the USSR on Lend Lease in post-war years.

Keywords: Lend Lease, F.D. Roosevelt, Harry Lloyd Hopkins, I.V. Stalin, V.M. Molotov, the Governmental Purchasing Commission

A.Yu.Vatlin. Germany in 2000-2010

In the article the basic tendencies of the internal and foreign policy of Germany of the beginning of XXI century are presented, characteristics of leading politicians of modern Germany are given. The special attention the author gives social economic processes, public moods, distinctions between East and Western Germans, the problem of immigrants.

Keywords: internal and foreign policy of Germany, the European integration, reforms of the social state, Public opinion of modern Germans.

Sogrin V.V. Big Business in the USA from Gilded Age till Progressive Era (1870-1910)

The author discusses the trends in development of American big business in fifty years after the end of the Civil War. In the last third of the XIX Century business enjoyed the regime of "free hand". At the beginning of the XX Century the society made first attempts to control the corporate capitalism.

Keywords: Gilded Age, Progressive Era, Big business, corporate capitalism, social darwinism, social liberalism

Arsh G.L. The Russian Emissaries in Peloponnesus and Archipelago Expedition of 1770-1774;

Based on archival materials the author considers activity of the Russian emissaries in Greece on the eve of Russian Turkish war.

Keywords: G.Papazoli, M.Saro, Catherine II of Russia, Archipelago Expedition, A.G. Orlov

Egorova N.I. Moscow – Washington: Policy and Diplomacy of the Kremlin, 1921-1941. Archival documents;

In the article the author analyzes containing in Archive of the President of the Russian Federation documents on stories of the Soviet-American relations during the intermilitary period. Documents and materials of the of the Three-volume Edition allow to understand comprehensively development of the Soviet-American relations as before the certificate of a recognition of the USA of the Soviet state, and after an establishment of diplomatic relations between Moscow and Washington.

Keywords: F.D. Roosevelt, G.V. Chicherin, A.A. Trojanovsky, K.A. Umansky.

Leonova L.S. Activity of the Higher School and the Academic Establishments in Days of the Great Patriotic War

In the article the author considers the three collections of documents and materials on history of the higher education and the science in the USSR from 1941 till 1945, published in Samara in 2008. The numerous facts testifying to the considerable contribution of scientists and teachers of the higher school in achievement of the Victory are mentioned.

Keywords: the higher school, Academy of Sciences, the Great Patriotic War, the newspaper "Truth".

Pyadishev B.D. Editions of the Moscow State Institute of International Relationson the History of the Second World War;

In the article are considered the works of the domestic and foreign researchers, entered into the special release of magazine “MGIMO-UNIVERSITY Bulletin”, devoted the 70th anniversary of the beginning of the Second World War. The author notices that in these works the wide range of problems of eve of the war is lifted, the historical reasons and the concrete aspects of the world development, which have led to this tragedy, are unbiassedly analysed.

Keywords: the Second World War, history falsification, the Antihitlerite coalition, the second front, the Munich arrangement, the pact of Molotov – Ribbentrop.

V.L.Malkov. Woodrow Wilson and His «Principle of Nationalities»: a Sight from the Present

The article is devoted «a principle of nationalities», Put forward by US president Wilson in 1915. It is shown, what discussions went in connection with Wilson's this idea and its realization in practice. In particular on an example of disintegration of Austro-Hungarian empire. The author also draws analogies to modern state building in Europe.

Keywords: Woodrow Wilson, «a principle of nationalities», Austro-Hungary, the post-war device of Europe.

Kapitonova N.K. Visit of N. Khrushchev and N. Bulganin to Great Britain in 1956 (based on archival materials);

In article it is told about the visit of N.S. Khruschev and N.A. Bulganin to London in April, 1956; on the basis of new archival materials the author states the course and the earlier unknown details of negotiations . The author specifies that improvement in the Soviet-British relations has been reached which, however, has appeared short-term because of Suez crisis.

Keywords: Khrushchev, Bulganin, Anthony Eden 1956, negotiations

Vinogradov V.N. The Balkan base of the Napoleonic epopee;

In the essay the policy of Russia and Napoleonic France concerning Ottoman empire and its possession on the Balkans is considered.

Keywords: Napoleon, Pavel I, Alexander I, Ottoman empire, the Balkans.

Cherkasov P.P. "Odyssey" of marquis de la Chétardie in Russia (1739–1744);

In the essay is shined the stay in Russia, at court of Anna Ioannovna and Elizabeth Petrovna, the French ambassador of marquis de la Chétardie and mutual relations of Russia with France in 1739-1744.

Keywords: de la Chétardie, F.I.Ostermann, A.P.Bestuzhev-Ryumin,

N.V.Rostislavleva. The Liberal David Hansemann – the Advocate of the Unity of Germany and Free Business

In the article the author investigates a life and activity of David Hansemann – the German liberal of the middle 19 century, the representative of industrial bourgeoisie of the Rhein area, the Minister of Finance of Prussia in days of revolution 1848-1849, the advocate of unity of Germany and free business.

Keywords: David Hansemann, the Customs Union, the Frankfurt Parliament.